Server Power Supply Pinout

While dumpster diving the electronic scrap I find always interesting parts.

Last week I found some rack server with hot swap power supply. I removed the power supplies and reverse engineered the pinout of them.

On the following pictures you see the power supply and their pinout.

At the moment there are only the power and power-on pins known. The other unknown pins could be SPI or I2C for handling status information of the power supply or to regulate the cooling fan speed.

The power-on pins are often the shorter pins. They have to be shorter, because if the power supply is hot plugged, they should connect last after all other pins are already connected.

EDIT (2017-10-11): By courtesy of JP Peiffer (Belgium)
He found a way to modify the HP DPS-460EB A (see below) to output 13.5V instead of 12V.

Modification: Change 9K09 resistor (on the right of the three potentiometers) on the piggyback controller board to 10k.
Now you can adjust the output voltage with the top right potentiometer to max 13.62V. At higher voltages, the overvoltage limiter kicks in. (IC/location of the limiter must be found).

To get safe startup, set the output voltage only to 1.5V. Other wise it hangs sometimes when booting, due to overshoots.

HP DPS-460EB A 13.6V Modification
HP DPS-460EB A 13.6V Modification

Power Supply Emerson 7001540-J000
+12V 40A
+5.1V 30A
3.36V STBY 0.45A

Pinout_Emerson_7001540-J000

Power Supply HP DPS-460EB A
+12V 38.3A
12V STBY 2.5A

Pinout_HP_DPS-460_HP_DSPS-750

Power Supply HP DPS-750RB A
+12V 62.5A
+12V STBY 2.5A

Resistor Value in Picture “DC Plug Top View”: 100 Ohms

Pinout_HP_DPS-460_HP_DSPS-750

Power Supply Supermicro PWS-1K21P-1R
+12V 100A
+5V STBY 4A

Pinout_Supermicro_PWS-1K21P-1R

15 thoughts on “Server Power Supply Pinout”

  1. Hello, for HP_DPS-460_HP_DSPS-750 i can see a resistor in your photos. How is connected?

    I connect pin 1 and 4 but power supply does not start. The power supply is OK.

    Thank you.

    1. Hi Manuel

      The switch connects with a 100 ohm series resistor pin 1 and 4 of the power supply.
      I tested again if the power supply switches on without the resistor (with a direct connection of pin 1 and 4) and it worked.
      But it could be more stable, if you use a resistor. The resistor shouldn’t have more than 100 ohms else it won’t work.

      Simon

  2. Hi Simon, thank you for you reply.

    YES ! 🙂 i have started it two times without the resistor. Later i will use a resistor to try it again and see if starts allways.

    But i have to connect pins 1 and 4 for various seconds until PS starts. Is it normal?

    Manuel

  3. Ok. Now all is working fine. Yes, power led start inmediately, and 12V DC.

    Thank you for your help.

  4. 0n the dps 750 picture i see a green resistor near the switch. fan control? explain please

  5. Hi Simon, thanks for sharing!
    I have two of the dps-750rb a and I’d like to connect them in series to have 24v output.
    I can see the chassis and mains ground are connected to the output gnd.
    Do you think it is possible to connect them in series in a reasonable safe way?

    1. Hi Pascal

      To remove the GND connection of a power supply is never a safe solution. But if you know what your doing it should work 😉

      I have already tried such a modification with other power supplies. It can work, but the voltage control is not always as stable as before.

      You can find more information on how to mod server power supplies in the following forum:
      https://www.rcgroups.com/forums/showthread.php?1292514-How-to-convert-Server-Power-Supplies

      https://www.rcgroups.com/forums/showthread.php?1170241-Using-two-power-supplies-for-higher-voltage-capacity-chargers-safety-issues

      I like to know, if you make progress.

    1. Hi Charles

      I didn’t try it. However, I got some ideas:
      These server power supplies have normally a I2C interface to control some parameters and read status registers.
      There is a standard calld PMbus. The physical layer is I2C and the registers and higher level definitions are documented in the PMbus standard. As I know its open and accessible for any one:

      First you have to know, which pins of the power supply are the I2C Pins. You could find them by try and error :-). You would have to connect always two pins of the powersupply to your I2C Master (an arduino or other microcontroller). But this are a lot of possible combinations. Don’t forget to add a 4.7k Ohms Resistor as pullup to 3.3V on each line (data SDA and clock SCL).

      Please let me know, if you have found the SDA and SCL lines and if you got the PMBus fan control working.

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_Management_Bus

      http://pmbus.org/Home

      http://www.pmbus.org/Assets/Present/Using_The_PMBus_20051012.pdf

      https://www.i2c-bus.org/pmbus/

      Information about fan control on the PMBus:
      http://pmbus.org/Assets/PDFS/Public/PMBus_App_Profile_ACDC_Server_Power_rev_1_2_20120416.pdf

  6. Hi,
    I have nought a DPS750RB. I would lioke change the output power from 12v to 13,8v or 13,6v
    How can I do that ?
    I have seen to change the SMD resistor from 9k to 10k just near the variator and soldier pin 1 and 4
    Is it all I must do to adapt the output power?
    Anybody can help me ?
    Regards
    Paul

  7. Hi Paul

    I didn’t tried this modifications by my self. A reader of my blog suggests to do it, like it is described in my blog above.

    It works on the DPS-460. I don’t know, if the DPS-750 has the same controller circuit.

    Change 9K09 resistor (on the right of the three potentiometers) on the piggyback controller board to 10k.

    Pleas let me know, if it works. I will add your feedback to my blog, if allowed (with reference to you).

    Regards,
    Simon

  8. Dps 750RB while looking to do 13+V mod for this supply I found the controller is very similar with many of the same chips but perhaps a newer revision. I also found that turning the same potentiometer as for the 460w unit got me to 12.85V. My guess is if one could Identify the resistor hooked directly to this pot and replace it with a resistor about 10% higher, you might be able to get over 13v.

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